Deo Kyakulagira
Deo Kyakulagira

Featuring: Andrea Stultiens, Canon Griffin, Deo Kyakulagira, Elly Rwakoma, Musa Katuramu

There are significant differences between the words used for ‘pictures captured on light sensitive surfaces with the use of a camera’ in Luganda and in English. Ekifananyi is the Luganda word that is used to signify a photograph, but it does not mean a photograph. The noun “ekifananyi” is derived from the verb kufanana, meaning to be similar to. Based on this observation, Dutch artist Andrea Stultiens started to investigate the implications of this particular conceptualisation of photographs, which led to a series of eight books titled, “Ebifananyi,” the plural of the singular ekifananyi. In presentations of historical photographs from Africa, Uganda was—until recently—only mentioned in relation to photographs produced by non-Ugandans or members of the Ugandan diaspora. The first three books in the Ebifananyi series change this status quo by presenting photographs produced by Deo Kyakulagira (1940-2000), Musa Katuramu (1916-1983) and Elly Rwakoma (ca.1938).

The photographic legacy of these men is activated in collaborations with family members and, in the case of Rwakoma, the photographer himself. Curator Andrea Stultiens and Ugandan artist Canon Griffin responded to the historical photographs in pictures and films.


  • HIPUganda


    HIPUganda is the name of the platform Andrea Stultiens and Canon Griffin initiated in 2011. We try to locate collections of photographs in Uganda, digitise them, and make them available on social media, in exhibitions and in publications. By doing this we try to engage wide general audiences while crowdsourcing information with the photographs. Some of the collections become part of Stultiens’ artistic practice in which she works with Ugandan artists to explore historical and present day values and uses of the digitised photographs.

Ebifananyi, The Photographers Trilogy

 archive : 2018

Featuring: Various Artists

Curated by: Andrea Stultiens

Presented by: HIPUganda
  • HIPUganda

Supported by:

  • United Photo Industries (UPI)
  • Dutch Culture USA


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